Categories: 7 y.o.




Categories: 7 y.o.





Arithmetic and mental counting are essential components of a child’s mathematical education, as they lay the groundwork for more advanced mathematical concepts in later years. A strong grasp of arithmetic operations and mental counting strategies enables 7-year-olds to perform calculations quickly and efficiently. This article explores various techniques and activities for mastering arithmetic and mental counting strategies for young learners, providing them with the essential tools to excel in their mathematical journey.

Reinforcing Basic Arithmetic Operations

At the age of seven, children should be familiar with the four basic arithmetic operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Reinforce these operations through practice, using worksheets, games, and real-life scenarios that require calculations. Encourage young learners to explore different problem-solving strategies, such as using a number line, manipulatives, or breaking numbers apart.

Developing Mental Math Strategies

Mental math strategies help children perform calculations quickly and efficiently without relying on paper and pencil. Teach young learners various mental math strategies, such as counting on, making tens, using doubles, and finding compatible numbers. Engage them in mental math games and challenges to practice these strategies, fostering their speed and accuracy in performing calculations.

Mastering Number Bonds and Fact Families

Number bonds and fact families are essential tools for building a strong foundation in arithmetic and mental counting. Help children understand the relationships between numbers and operations by teaching them number bonds (pairs of numbers that add up to a specific sum) and fact families (sets of related addition and subtraction or multiplication and division facts). Incorporating number bond and fact family activities in their daily practice can significantly improve their arithmetic proficiency.

Practicing Skip Counting

Skip counting involves counting by a specific number, such as counting by twos, fives, or tens. Mastering skip counting can help children develop a strong understanding of multiplication and division, as well as improve their mental counting skills. Provide young learners with opportunities to practice skip counting through songs, chants, games, and number lines, reinforcing their understanding of number patterns and sequences.

Encouraging Estimation and Rounding

Estimation and rounding are valuable skills that enable children to make reasonable approximations and simplify calculations. Teach young learners to round numbers to the nearest ten or hundred and use these rounded numbers to estimate sums, differences, products, and quotients. Incorporate estimation and rounding activities in daily practice, such as estimating the cost of items, the number of objects, or the duration of events.

Fostering Problem Solving Skills

Problem-solving activities that involve arithmetic and mental counting can challenge children to apply their understanding of these concepts in various contexts. Provide young learners with word problems, puzzles, and challenges that require them to perform calculations and make decisions based on their results. Encourage them to use different strategies, tools, and resources to solve these problems, fostering their critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

Utilizing Math Apps and Technology

Math apps and technology can be effective tools for enhancing children’s arithmetic and mental counting skills. Interactive games, quizzes, and activities available on various math apps can engage young learners and provide them with instant feedback on their performance. Select age-appropriate apps and websites that align with your child’s learning goals and encourage them to practice arithmetic and mental counting strategies regularly.


Mastering arithmetic and mental counting strategies is essential for building a strong foundation in mathematics for 7-year-olds. By incorporating a range of techniques and activities that emphasize hands-on experiences, real-life applications, and problem-solving challenges, parents and educators can help children excel in arithmetic and mental counting. Developing a strong understanding of these concepts will not only enable children to excel in mathematics but also equip them with valuable life skills in numeracy, problem-solving, and critical thinking.

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